What is the difference between FCA and FOB in shipping?
FCA means Free Carrier (at named place): seller hands the goods over to buyer’s designated carrier (pre-cleared for export) at the named place. This term is applicable to goods for transport by air, rail, road and containerised/multi-modal transport. Cost and risk change from buyer to seller as soon as the goods are accepted and signed for by the buyer’s designated carrier.
FOB means Free On Board (at named loading port): technically, the seller must load the goods on board the ship designated by the buyer, with cost and risk changing from buyer to seller as the goods pass over the imaginary vertical line defined by the ship’s rail. This term is only applicable for Maritime transport, and is often misapplied for the terms FCA or FAS.